Cost effective engineering enforcement measures in heterogenous traffic environments of developing countries

Abstract

The paper aims to highlight the importance of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in enabling effective enforcement of backend processes of transportation in urban environments in developing countries that mostly comprise of heterogeneous traffi c environments. ITS equips enforcing authorities to streamline back-end processes including fee collections, detecting traffic offences, regulating and controlling traffic movements, and many other functions. Some of the applications further help enforcement authorities to detect speed violations, traffic signal violations, illegal parking, overloading, invehicle violations and other traffic abuses. Apart from detecting violations, enforcement authorities can deploy ITS in the field of incident management involving monitoring the movement of vehicles on the road, real-time monitoring, detect incidents such as break-down or accident based on image processing / manual systems, quick emergency response, congestion/incident data leading to signal prioritisation for emergency vehicles and other incidents for ensuring smooth traffic flows. Segments with the highest frequency of incidents can be monitored with high-end CCTV equipment. ITS aided traffic enforcement is also helpful in Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR). ANPR technique is used by traffic police and transport authorities across many developing countries for law enforcement purposes and legitimacy of number plates. Some developing countries have started using ANPR for electronic toll collection. Public Private Partnership (PPP) is suggested to ease the burden on government expenditure towards urban transportation enforcement. The paper concludes by recommending various processes and procedures for traffic rules enforcement authorities in developing countries to consider for implementation in their respective urban jurisdictions, which will help in addressing one of the major urban traffic problems and facilitate safer and smarter mobility.

Keywords: (1) Enforcement (2) Traffic Violations (3) Registrations (4) Licensing

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